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Wednesday, August 5, 2020 | History

2 edition of Methods for the accountability of plutonium nitrate solutions found in the catalog.

Methods for the accountability of plutonium nitrate solutions

Lawrence Radiation Laboratory. General Chemistry Division.

Methods for the accountability of plutonium nitrate solutions

by Lawrence Radiation Laboratory. General Chemistry Division.

  • 296 Want to read
  • 21 Currently reading

Published by for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Plutonium nitrate.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementR. G. Gutmacher...[et al.]
    ContributionsGutmacher, R. G., U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Directorate of Regulatory Standards
    The Physical Object
    Pagination158 p. :
    Number of Pages158
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22385587M

    Nuclear reprocessing is the chemical separation of fission products and unused uranium from spent nuclear fuel. Originally, reprocessing was used solely to extract plutonium for producing nuclear commercialization of nuclear power, the reprocessed plutonium was recycled back into MOX nuclear fuel for thermal reactors. The reprocessed uranium, also known as the spent fuel . This test method calculates plutonium concentration in solutions or mass fraction in solids using an electrical calibration based upon Ohm’s Law and the Faraday Constant. Chemical standards are used for quality control.

    Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater © Copyright by American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water. This book is a general reference on the theory and application of passive nondestructive assay (NDA) techniques, or PANDA. It is part of a four-volume set on nuclear material measurement and accountability sponsored by the US Nuclear,Regulatory Commission (NRC). Counters for Bulk Plutonium Nitrate Soluti The Dual-Range.

    Plutonium (IV) nitrate is the most used of all plutonium compounds. Essentially all chemical processing of plutonium has been conducted in nitrate solutions. These solutions of appropriate acidities range from concentrations of 10 grams to grams of Pu/L for efficient precipitation processes. Nitrate is a common co-contaminant with uranium. Nitrate inhibited U(VI) reduction in acetate-amended aquifer sediments collected from a uranium-contaminated site in New Mexico. Once nitrate was depleted, both U(VI) and Fe(III) were reduced concurrently. When nitrate was added to sediments in which U(VI) had been reduced, U(VI) reappeared in.


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Methods for the accountability of plutonium nitrate solutions by Lawrence Radiation Laboratory. General Chemistry Division. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Methods for the accountability of plutonium nitrate solutions. [R G Gutmacher; Lawrence Radiation Laboratory.

General Chemistry Division.; U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Directorate of Regulatory Standards.]. §\ AN ANALYSIS OF PLUTONIUM ACCOUNTABILITY \ IN THE COPRECAL PROCESS by Mark D.

Eckenrode (ABSTRACT) In the late l's, emphasis on non-proliferation forced suspension of all comercial spent-fuel reprocessing. The spent-fuel storage problem plaguing the nuclear industry can be alleviated by reprocessing. For commercial spent. A study led by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientists offers new insights into the retention of plutonium-nitrate in the lungs—as well as clues as to the cellular processes and structural changes that might lead to tissue damage and tumor formation.

The research team sought to better understand what happens after plutonium-nitrate, a moderately soluble form of plutonium, is inhaled. A potentiometric titration method and a conductometric titration method were standardized for the determination of nitrate in thorium, uranium and plutonium solutions in the range of 2–10 mg, and 15–30 mg, respectively, with a precision and accuracy of 2% in both cases.

The results were compared with those of other methods like Devarda's alloy reduction method and volumetric titration by: 2. "Carcinogenic and Inflammatory Effects of Plutonium-Nitrate Retention in an Exposed Nuclear Worker and Beagle Dogs." International Journal of Radiation Biology 90(1) DOI: / Specifies a method for determining plutonium in pure plutonium nitrate solutions and reference solutions, containing between and g of plutonium per litre, in a nitric acid medium.

The principle of the method, interferences, reagents, apparatus, procedure and expression of results are described. ISO Representative Sampling of Plutonium Nitrate Solutions for Determination of Plutonium Concentration.

A comparison of three methods for the determination of nitrates in water analysis / (), by Justa Morris Lindgren Methods for the accountability of plutonium nitrate solutions / (Washington, D.C.: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off., ).

Plutonium is a radioactive chemical element with the symbol Pu and atomic number It is an actinide metal of silvery-gray appearance that tarnishes when exposed to air, and forms a dull coating when element normally exhibits six allotropes and four oxidation reacts with carbon, halogens, nitrogen, silicon, and exposed to moist air, it forms oxides and Pronunciation: /pluːˈtoʊniəm/ ​(ploo-TOH-nee-əm).

Book August for Pu(IV) in nitrate salt solutions and in nitric acid up to high Standards and Technology have made it the primary accountability assay technique for plutonium (Pu. With the reactivation of the Purex Fuel Reprocessing Facility at Hanford, a method for the determination of metal impurities in plutonium nitrate solutions is needed.

The need was met by the use of amine extraction for the separation of plutonium and optical emission spectrometry for the analysis. Some 10 impurity metals are listed in the specifications (see Table I).

Plutonium aerosols can be formed in various ways, including: (a) oxidation or volatilization of Pu metal, (b) oxidation or volatilization of irradiated U or UO 2, (c) droplet dispersion from aqueous solutions or suspensions of Pu, and (d) resuspension of soil or dust, which has become contaminated with particle size of Pu-aerosols is very variable, depending on the mode of formation.

An accurate volume measurement system for plutonium nitrate solution stored in an accountability tank with dip-tubes has been developed and demonstrated over fifteen years at the Plutonium. @article{osti_, title = {Evaluation of accountability measurements}, author = {Cacic, C.G.}, abstractNote = {The New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) is programmatically responsible to the U.S.

Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Safeguards and Security (OSS) for providing independent review and evaluation of accountability measurement technology in DOE nuclear facilities. Uranium Nitrate Solutions are moderate to highly concentrated liquid solutions of Uranium Nitrate. They are an excellent source of Uranium Nitrate for applications requiring solubilized materials.

American Elements can prepare dissolved homogeneous solutions at customer specified concentrations or to the maximum stoichiometric concentration. A practical model of plutonium nitrate solutions, therefore, must be a compromise between the number of chemical species included and the number of parameters that can be evaluated from available data.

A practical model of acidic plutonium nitrate was by: 5. ISO Representative sampling of plutonium nitrate solutions for determination of plutonium concentrationCategory: p. C Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, and Spectrochemical Analysis of Nuclear-Grade Mixed Ox-ides ((U, Pu)O 2) C Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, Spectrochemical, Nuclear, and RadiochemicalAnalysis of Nuclear-Grade Plutonium Nitrate Solutions C Guide for Design Criteria for Plutonium Gloveboxes.

Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: plutonium nitrate. Ceric ammonium nitrate required for this experiment was prepared by dissolving weighed substance in double distilled water to known volume.

The plutonium oxide (PuO 2) powder used in this study was nuclear grade and it was obtained by the calcination of plutonium (IV) oxalate cake at °C.

Preparation of plutonium nitrate stock solutionAuthor: K. Dhamodharan, Anitha Pius. Storage of radioactive solutions, evaporation and radiolysis losses from tanks containing plutonium nitrate solutionsAuthor: A. Maimoni.Homepage>ISO Standards> ISO Representative sampling of plutonium nitrate solutions for determination of plutonium concentration Sponsored link download between hours Released: ASTM C Standard Test Method for Determination of Uranium or Plutonium Isotopic Composition or Concentration by the Total Evaporation Method Using a Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometer.